PERSON & PERSONALITY/Journals, Magazines and Books MODERN HISTORY UPSC PYQ 2011-2020

PERSON & PERSONALITY/Journals, Magazines and Books MODERN HISTORY UPSC PYQ 2011-2020



Which of the following parties were established by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar?1. The Peasants and Workers Party of India.

2. All India Scheduled Castes Federation.

3. The Independent Labour Party.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3




  • 2013
Annie Besant was

1. responsible for starting the Home Rule Movement

2. the founder of the Theosophical Society

3. once the President of the Indian National Congress

Select the correct statement/statements using the codes given below.

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

sources : TN 12th



  • Consider the following statements :
    1. The first woman President of the Indian National Congress was Sarojini Naidu.
    2. The first Muslim President of the Indian National Congress was Badruddin Tyabji
    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
    a) 1 only
    b) 2 only
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2
    Solution: b)

  • sources : TN 12TH


  1. A recent movie titled The Man Who Knew Infinity is based on the biography of
  • (a) S. Ramanujan
  • (b) S. Chandrasekhar
  • (c) S. N. Bose
  • (d) C. V. Raman
  • Solution: A
  • Justification: It is a 2015 British biographical drama film based on the 1991 book of the same name by Robert Kanigel.
  • The film stars Dev Patel as the real-life Srinivasa Ramanujan, a mathematician who after growing up poor in Madras, India, earns admittance to Cambridge University during World War I, where he becomes a pioneer in mathematical theories.
  • Distinguished mathematicians Manjul Bhargava and Ken Ono are Associate Producers of the film.
  • You can read the movie review here
  • 2019
  • With reference to Indian National Movement, consider the following pairs:
Person Position held
1. Sir Tej Bahadur Sapru :  President, All India Liberal Federation
2. K. C. Neogy :  Member, The Constituent Assembly
3. P. C. Joshi : General Secretary, Communist Party of India
  • Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?
  • (a)1 only
  • (b)1 and 2 only
  • (c)3 only
  • (d)1, 2 and 3
  • ANS:D
  • 2020
  • Q15. With reference to the history of India, ‘ulgulan’ or the great tumult is the description of the which of the following?
  • (a) The revolt of 1857
  • (b) The Mappila rebellion of 1921
  • (c) The Indigo revolt of 1859-1860
  • (d) Birsa Munda’s revolt of 1899-1900
  • Answer: D
  • During the last decade of the nineteenth century, the Mundas rose under Birsa Munda in a religious movement or rebellion (“ulgulan”) with an agrarian and political content. They aimed to establish a Munda rule in the land by killing thikadars, jagirdars, rajas and halcims.
  • See
  • 2020
  • Q46. With reference to the book ‘desher Katha’ written by Sakharam Ganesh Deuskar during the freedom struggle, consider the following statements
  1. It warned against the colonial states’ hypnotic conquest of the mind
  2. It inspired the performance of swadeshi street plays and folk songs
  3. The use of ‘desh’ by Deuskar was in the specific context of the region of Bengal.
  • Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
  • (a) 1 and 2 only
  • (b) 2 and 3 only
  • (c) 1 and 3 only
  • (d) 1, 2 and 3 only
  • Answer: A or D


He wrote biographies of Mazzini, Garibaldi, Shivaji and Shrikrishna; stayed in America for some time; and was also elected to the Central Assembly. He was


(a)Aurobindo Ghosh

(b)Bipin Chandra Pal

(c)Lala Lajpat Rai

(d)Motilal Nehru


  • Lala Lajpat Rai was gifted with a perceptive mind, he was a prolific writer and authored several works like – “Unhappy India”, “Young India: An Interpretation”, “History of Arya Samaj”, “England’s Debt to India” and a series of popular biographies

  • His biographies of Mazzini, Garibaldi and.

  • Shivaji were published in 1896 and those of Dayanand and.

  • Shri Krishna in 1898.

  • His purpose in selecting Mazzini and Garibladi was to infuse patriotic sentiment in the youth of Punjab, who had no access to books in English.

  • He wanted his countrymen to become acquainted with the teachings of Italian leaders who had so impressed his own mind.

  • He had seen the points of similarity between the problems of India and those the Italian leaders had to face.

  • Lala Lajpat Rai travelled to the US in 1907. He toured Sikh communities along the West Coast in the USA and noted sociological similarities between the notion of ‘color-caste’ there and within castes in India.

  • He joined Swaraj Party in 1926 and was elected its Deputy Leader in the Central Legislative Assembly.

  • He later resigned from the Swaraj Party in August 1926



  • 2020
  • Q12. In the Indian history, The Rakhmabai case of 1884 revolved around
  1. Women’s rights to gain education
  2. Age of consent
  3. Restitution of conjugal rights
  • Select the correct answer using the given code below-
  • (a) 1 and 2 only
  • (b) 2 and 3 only
  • (c) 1 and 3 only
  • (d) 1, 2 and 3
  • Answer: B
  • Rakhmabai made her mark in history due to the legal case she was involved in, which contributed to the enactment of the Age of Consent
  • Act, 1891.
  • In 1885, after 12 years of marriage, Bhikaji sought “restitution of conjugal rights”, where the hearing and judgement was presided by Justice Robert Hill Pinhey. Rukhmabai had refused to live with the man she was married to as a child, as she had no say in the marriage.
  • It was a case that got a lot of attention in Britain too, where women’s magazines covered it. The ripples that the case created led to the influence on the passage of the Age of Consent Act, 1891, which made child marriages illegal across the British Empire.
  • Education wasn’t an issue in this case,

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