BUDDHISM AND JAINISM : PREVIOUS YEAR QUESTIONS : ANCIENT HISTORY

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2011

The Jain philosophy holds that the world is created and maintained by.(a) Universal Law

(b) Universal Truth

(c) Universal Faith

(d) Universal Soul

A

 

2012

Lord Buddha’s image is sometimes shown with the hand gesture called ‘Bhumisparsha Mudra’. It symbolizes(a) Buddha’s calling of the Earth to watch over Mara and to prevent Mara from disturbing his meditation.

(b) Buddha’s calling of the Earth to witness his purity and chastity despite the temptations of Mara.

(c) Buddha’s reminder to his followers that they all arise from the Earth and finally dissolve into the Earth, and thus this life is transitory.

(d) Both the statements a and b are correct in this context.

B

 

With reference to the history of ancient India, which of the following was/were common to both Buddhism and Jainism?1. Avoidance of extremities of penance and enjoyment.

2. Indifference to the authority of the Vedas.

3. Denial of efficacy of rituals.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

B

 

2013

Which of the following statements is/are applicable to Jain doctrine?1. The surest way of annihilating Karma is to practice penance.

2. Every object, even the smallest particle has a soul.

3. Karma is the bane of the soul and must be ended.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

D

 

Which one of the following describes best the concept of Nirvana in Buddhism?(a) The extinction of the flame of desire

(b) The complete annihilation of self

(c) A state of bliss and rest

(d) A mental stage beyond all comprehension

 

Some Buddhist rock-cut caves are called Chaityas, while the others are called Viharas. What is the difference between the two?(a) Vihara is a place of worship, while Chaitya is the dwelling place of the monks.

(b) Chaitya is a place of worship, while Vihara is the dwelling place of the monks.

(c) Chaitya is the stupa at the far end of the cave, while Vihara is the hall axial to it.

(d) There is no material difference between the two.

 

2014

Which of the following Kingdoms were associated with the life of the Buddha?1. Avanti

2. Gandhara

3. Kosala

4. Magadha

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1, 2 and 3  only

(b)2 and 4 only

(c) 3 and 4 only

(d)1, 3 and 4 only

 

2015

Which of the following kingdoms were associated with the life of Buddha?
1. Avanti
2. Gandhara
3. Kosala
4. Magadha
Select the correct answer using the code given below
a) 1,2 and 3
b) 2 and 3 only
c) 1,3 and 4
d) 3 and 4 only
Solution: d)

 

2016

With reference to the religious history of India, consider the following statements :

  1. The concept of Bodhisattva is central to Hinayana sect of Buddhism.
  2. Bodhisattva is a compassionate one on his way to enlightenment.
  3. Bodhisattva delays achieving his own salvation to help all sentient beings on their path to it.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 2 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Solution: B

 

2017

With reference to the religious history of India, consider the following statements:

 

1. Sautrantika and Sammitiya were the sects of Jainism.

2. Sarvastivadin held that the constituents of phenomena were not wholly momentary, but existed forever in a latent form.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a)1 only

(b)2 only

(c)Both 1 and 2

(d)Neither 1 nor 2

ANS:B

 

2018

Which reference to Indian history, who among the following is a future Buddha, yet to come to save the world?

(a)Avalokiteshvara

(b)Lokesvara

(c)Maityera

(d)Padmapani

ANS:C

 

Which reference to the religious practices in India, the “Sthanakvasi” sect belongs to

 

(a)Buddhism

(b)Jainism

(c)Vaishnavism

(d)Shaivism

ANS:B

 

2019

Consider the following statements:

1. Deification of the Buddha

2. Trading the path of Bodhisattvas

3. Image worship and rituals

Which of the above is/are the feature/features of Mahayana Buddhism?

(a)1 only

(b)1 and 2 only

(c)2 and 3 only

(d)1, 2 and 3

ANS:D

 

2020

With reference to the cultural history of India, which one of the following is the correct description of the term ‘paramitas’?

(a) The earliest dharmashastra texts written in aphoristic (Sutra) style

(b) Philosophical schools that did not accept the authority of Vedas.

(c) Perfections whose attainment led to the Bodhisattva path

(d) Powerful merchant guilds of early medieval south India.

Answer: C

 

With reference to the cultural history of India, consider the following pairs:
1. Parivrajaka  –   Renunciant and wanderer
2. Shramana   –    Priest with a high status
3. Upasaka     –      Lay follower of Buddhism

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1and 2 only

(b) 1 and 3only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1,2 and 3

Answer: B

c
b

 

 

A

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