MODERN HISTORY UPSC PYQ 2011-2020 : farmer/Tribal/SOCIAL MOVEMENT

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MODERN HISTORY UPSC PYQ 2011-2020 : Farmer/Tribal/SOCIAL MOVEMENT

 

2011

Which amongst the following provided a common factor for tribal insurrection in India in the 19th century?

(a)Introduction of a new system of land revenue and taxation of tribal products.

(b)Influence of foreign religious missionaries in tribal areas.

(c)Rise of a large number of money lenders, traders and revenue farmers as middlemen in tribal areas.

(d) The complete disruption of the old agrarian order of the tribal communities

c

 

2012

Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding Brahmo Samaj?

1. It opposed idolatory.

2. It denied the need for a priestly class for interpreting the religious texts.

3. It popularized the doctrine that the Vedas are infallible.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 1 only

(b)1 and 2 only

(c) 3 only

(d)1, 2 and 3

b

 

 

2012

Which of the following parties were established by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar?1. The Peasants and Workers Party of India.

2. All India Scheduled Castes Federation.

3. The Independent Labour Party.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

b

 

 

 

2013

The demand for the Tebhaga Peasant Movement in Bengal was for

(a) the reduction of the share of the landlords from one-half of the crop to one-third.

(b) the grant of ownership of land to peasants as they were the actual cultivators of the land.

(c) the uprooting of Zamindari system and the end of serfdom.

(d) writing off all peasant debts.

a

 

2016

  1. Satya Shodhak Samaj organized

(a) a movement for upliftment of tribals in Bihar

(b) a temple-entry movement in Gujarat

(c) an anti-caste movement in Maharashtra

(d) a peasant movement in Punjab

Solution: C

Justification: Clear answer. You can read more about the movement here

 

2018

Who among the following were the founders of the “Hind Mazdoor Sabha” established in 1948?

(a)B. Krishna Pillai, E.M.S. Namboodiripad and K.C. George

(b)Jayaprakash Narayan, DeenDayal Upadhyay and M.N. Roy

(c)C.P. Ramaswamy Iyer, K. Kamaraj and VeeresalingamPantulu

(d)Ashok Mehta, T.S. Ramanujan and G.G. Mehta

ANS:D

2018

After the Santhal Uprising subsided, what was/were the measure/measures taken by the colonial government?

 

  1. The territories called ‘Santhal Paraganas’ were created.
  2. It became illegal for a Santhal to transfer land to a non-Santhal.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a)1 only

(b)2 only

(c)Both 1 and 2

(d)Neither 1 nor 2

ANS:C

2019

Consider the following pairs:

Movement/Organization Leader
1. All India Anti-Untouchability League : Mahatma Gandhi
2. All India Kisan Sabha : Swami Sahajanand Saraswati
3. Self-Respect Movement : E. V. Ramaswami Naicker

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

(a)1 only

(b)1 and 2 only

(c)2 and 3 only

(d)1, 2 and 3

ANS:D

 

 

2020

Q15. With reference to the history of India, ‘ulgulan’ or the great tumult is the description of the which of the following?

(a) The revolt of 1857

(b) The Mappila rebellion of 1921

(c) The Indigo revolt of 1859-1860

(d) Birsa Munda’s revolt of 1899-1900

Answer: D

During the last decade of the nineteenth century, the Mundas rose under Birsa Munda in a religious movement or rebellion (“ulgulan”) with an agrarian and political content. They aimed to establish a Munda rule in the land by killing thikadars, jagirdars, rajas and halcims.

2020

Q13. Indigo cultivation in India declined by the beginning of the 20th century because of

(a) Peasants resistance to the oppressive conduct of planters

(b) Its unprofitable in the world market because of new inventions

(c) National leaders’ opposition to the cultivation of Indigo

(d) Government control over the planters

Answer: B

Faced by high prices charged by the British traders for indigo dye, German chemists had already started their search for making synthetic indigo and Adolf Baeyer succeeded in synthesizing it in 1882. This was followed by research by other German chemists, namely, Johannes Pfleger and Karl Heumann in the first decade of 20th century. The synthetic dye was much cheaper and blew the final blow to the natural plant produced indigo dye and indigo crop became a part of history. Now most of the indigo dye used world-over is made synthetically.

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