GS Paper I: General Studies Maximum Marks: 250

Duration: 3 Hours

  • Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.

  • Indian   culture   will   cover   the   salient   aspects   of   Art   forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

  • The   Freedom   Struggle   –   its   various   stages   and   important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

  • Post-independence consolidation  and  reorganization within the country.

  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redraw of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc. – their forms and effect on the society.

  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

  • Role   of   women   and   women’s   organization,   population   and associated  issues,  poverty  and  developmental  issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

  • Effects of globalization on Indian society.

  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

  • Salient features of world’s physical geography.

  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub- continent);

  • Factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).

  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location – changes in critical geographical features (including water- bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

GS Paper II: General Studies- II Maximum Marks: 250

Duration: 3 Hours

  • Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.

  • Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of

  • powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

  • Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.

  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.

  • Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary.   Ministries   and   Departments   of   the   Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers,  functions and responsibilities of various constitutional Bodies.

  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

  • Government   policies   and   interventions   for   development   in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

  • Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.

  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and   States   and   the   performance   of   these   schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

  • Issues   relating   to   development   and   management   of   Social

  • Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

  • Important      aspects      of      governance,      transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations,   and   potential;   citizens   charters,   transparency   & accountability and institutional and other measures.

  • Role of civil services in a democracy.

  • India and its neighborhood – relations.

  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

  • Effect   of   policies   and   politics   of   developed   and   developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

  • Important  International  institutions,  agencies  and  fora-  their structure, mandate.

GS Paper III: General Studies III Maximum Marks: 250

Duration: 3 Hours

  • Technology,      Economic      Development,      and Bio        diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.

  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

  • Government Budgeting.

  • Major crops cropping  patterns in various  parts  of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems, storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support  prices;  Public  Distribution  System-  objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

  • Food  processing  and  related  industries  in  India-  scope  and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

  • Land reforms in India.

  • Effects  of  liberalization  on  the  economy,  changes  in  industrial policy and their effects on industrial

  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

  • Investment models.

  • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

  • Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano- technology,   biotechnology   and   issues   relating   to   intellectual

  • property rights.

  • Conservation,     environmental     pollution and      degradation, environmental impact assessment.

  • Disaster and disaster management.

  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role  of  media  and  social  networking  sites  in  internal  security

  • challenges,  basics  of  cyber  security;  money-laundering  and  its prevention.

  • Security  challenges  and  their  management  in  border  areas;

  • linkages of organized crime with terrorism. Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

GS Paper IV: General Studies IV Maximum Marks: 250

Duration: 3 Hours

  • Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude

  • This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilize the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered.

  • Ethics    and    Human    Interface:    Essence,    determinants    and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

  • Attitude:  content, structure, function;  its  influence  and  relation with thought and behavior; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

  • Aptitude  and  foundational  values  for  Civil  Service,  integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker- sections.

  • Emotional intelligence-concepts,   and      their     utilities     and application in administration and governance.

  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

  • Public/Civil  service  values  and  Ethics  in  Public  administration: Status    and    problems;    ethical    concerns    and    dilemmas    in

  • government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding;

  • corporate governance.

  • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency  in  government,  Right  to  Information,  Codes  of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

  • Case Studies on above issues.

  • There will be two language papers, an English Language paper (compulsory paper, but with marks not added to the final score) and a paper on language of your choice (again a compulsory paper, and with marks not added to the final score). One has to pass these language papers to have the rest of the Main examination papers even evaluated.

  • After the language papers would be the two papers for the one optional subject that you choose. Each of these papers would be of 250 marks with three hours duration.


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