UPSC PRELIM DECODED :POLITY : 10. FORM OF GOVERNMENTS(2011-2020 )

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10. FORM OF GOVERNMENTS(2011-2020 )


 

2013:

In the context of India, which of the following principles is/are, implied institutionally in the parliamentary government?

1. Members of the Cabinet are Members of the Parliament.

2. Ministers hold the office till they enjoy confidence in the Parliament.

3. Cabinet is headed by the Head of the State.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 3 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

ANS: a

2014:

Consider the following statements :

A Constitutional Government is one which

1. places effective restrictions on individual liberty in the interest of State Authority.

2. places effective restrictions on the Authority of the State in the interest of individual liberty.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

ANS: b

2015:

There is a Parliamentary System of Government in India because the
a) Lok Sabha is elected directly by the people
b) Parliament can amend the constitution
c) Rajya Sabha cannot be dissolved
d) Council of Ministers is responsible to the Lok Sabha
Solution: d)

Option A points to a democratic system. It does not necessarily mean a Parliamentary Democratic system. For e.g. in USA the Congress is also elected, but it is a Presidential Democracy.
Option D is correct because “Collective responsibility” of the council of ministers to the Lok Sabha (Article 75) lies at the heart of a Parliamentary democracy.
Source: Laxmikanth – Indian Polity – Chapter 12 (Parliamentary System)

 

2017:

The main advantage of the parliamentary form of governments is that

(a)the executive and legislature work independently.

(b)it provides continuity of policy and is more efficient.

(c)the executive remains responsible to the legislature.

(d)the head of the government cannot be changed without election

ANS:C

The Parliamentary system is also known as the ‘Westminster’model of government, responsible government and cabinet government.

The Constitution establishes the parliamentary system not only at the Centre but also in the states.

The features of parliamentary government in India are: (a) Presence of nominal and real executives;

(b) Majority party rule,

(c) Collective responsibility of the executive to the legislature,

(d) Membership of the ministers in the legislature,

(e) Leadership of the prime minister or the chief minister,

(f) Dissolution of the lower House (Lok Sabha or Assembly).

 

2018:

Out of the following statements, choose the one that brings out the principle underlying the Cabinet form of Government:

(a)An arrangement for minimizing the criticism against the Government whose responsibilities are complex and hard to carry out the satisfaction of all.

(b)A mechanism for speeding up the activities of the Government whose responsibilities are increasing day by day.

(c)A mechanism of parliamentary democracy for ensuring collective responsibility of the Government to the people

(d)A device for strengthening the hands of the head of the Government whose hold over the people is in a state of decline.

ANS:C

The Parliamentary system is also known as the ‘Westminster’ model of government, responsible government and cabinet government. The Constitution establishes the parliamentary system not only at the Centre but also in the states. The features of parliamentary government in India are: (a) Presence of nominal and real executives; (b) Majority party rule, (c) Collective responsibility of the executive to the legislature, (d) Membership of the ministers in the legislature, (e) Leadership of the prime minister or the chief minister, (f) Dissolution of the lower House (Lok Sabha or Assembly).

 

2019:

Q21. A parliamentary system of government is one which

(a) All political parties in the parliament are represented in the government

(b) The government is responsible to the Parliament and can be removed by it

(c) The government is elected by the people and can be removed by them

(d) The government is chosen by the parliament but can not be removed by it before completion of a fixed term

Answer: B

This is obvious since people don’t remove the government (option C), it is the Parliament that can remove the government.

 

2020:

A constitutional government by definition is a

(a) Government by legislature

(b) Popular government

(c) Multi party government

(d) Limited government

Answer: D

A constitutional government may not have legislature, could be a bi-party government and need not be a popular government and can instead be a monarchy. All except D are incorrect

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