UPSC PRELIM DECODED :POLITY: 9. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF CONSTITUTION(2011-2020 )

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9. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF CONSTITUTION(2011-2020 )



2012:

Which of the following is/are the principal feature(s) of the Government of India Act, 1919?

1. Introduction of dyarchy in the executive government of the provinces.

2. Introduction of separate communal electorates for Muslims.

3. Devolution of legislative authority by the Centre to the provinces.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c)1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

c

2013:

With reference to Indian History, the Members of the Constituent Assembly from the Provinces were

(a) directly elected by the people of those Provinces.

(b) nominated by the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League.

(c) elected by the Provincial Legislative Assemblies.

(d) selected by the Government for their expertise in constitutional matters.

c

 

2014:

The national motto of India, ‘Satyameva Jayate’ inscribed below the Emblem of India is taken from?

(a) Katha Upanishad

(b) Chandogra Upanishad

(c) Aitareya Upanishad

(d) Mundaka Upanishad

d

2015:

The Government of India Act of 1919 clearly defined
a) the separation of power between the judiciary and the legislature
b) the jurisdiction of the central and provincial governments
c) the powers of the Secretary of State for India and the Viceroy
d) None of the above
Solution: b)

It relaxed the central control over the provinces by demarcating and separating the central and provincial subjects. The central and provincial legislatures were authorised to make laws on their respective list of subjects. However, the structure of government continued to be centralised and unitary.
It further divided the provincial subjects into two parts—transferred and reserved which is what we know as diarchy.
Source: Laxmikanth – Indian Polity – Chapter 1 (Historical Background)

2016:

With reference to cabinet mission, which of the following statements is/are correct?
1. It recommended a federal government.
2. It enlarged the powers of the Indian courts.
3. It provided for more Indians in the ICS
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
a) 1 only
b) 2 and 3
c) 1 and 3
d) None
Solution: a)

 

2018:

Consider the following events:

 

  1. The first democratically elected communist party government formed in a State in India.
  2. India’s then largest bank, ‘Imperial Bank of India’, was renamed ‘State Bank of India’.
  3. Air India was nationalised and became the national carrier.
  4. Goa became a part of independent India.

Which of the following is the correct chronological sequence of the above events?

(a)4 – 1 – 2 – 3

(b)3 – 2 – 1 – 4

(c)4 – 2 – 1 – 3

(d)3 – 1 – 2 – 4

ANS:B

01-08-1953 Air India nationalised and becomes India’s national carrier 01-07-1955 India’s largest bank Imperial Bank of India renamed as State Bank of India 05-04-1957 First democratically elected Communist Party government outside Europe gets to power in Kerala with CPI leader EMS Namboodiripad as the Chief Minister 19-12-1961 Goa is officially ceded to India after 400 years of Portuguese rule.

 

2018:

 

In the Federation established by The Government of India Act of 1935, residuary powers were given to the

(a)Federal Legislature

(b)Governor General

(c)Provincial Legislature

(d)Provincial Governors

ANS:B

 


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