UPSC PRELIM DECODED :POLITY PYQ: 6.PREAMBLE(2011-2020 )

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SURE SHOT POLITY TOPICS:

1.PARLIAMENT (2011-2020 )

2.JUDICIARY (2011-2020 )

3.FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS (2011-2020 )FRs:

4. FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES(2011-2020 )

5. DPSP (2011-2020 )

6.PREAMBLE(2011-2020 )

7.PANCHAYAT/LOCAL GOVERNMENTS/PRI (2011-2020 ):

8.SCHEDULES OF CONSTITUTION(2011-2020 )

9. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF CONSTITUTION(2011-2020 )

10. FORM OF GOVERNMENTS(2011-2020 )

11. CITIZENSHIP(2011-2020 )

12. CENTRE – STATE / INTER STATE RELATION(2011-2020 )

13. PRESIDENT/ GOVERNOR/EMERGENCY PROVISION(2011-2020 )

14. VICE PRESIDENT(2011-2020 )

15. PRIME/CHIEF MINISTER(2011-2020 )

16. STATE LEGISLATURE/ STATE COUNCIL(2011-2020 )

17. CONSTITUTIONAL BODIES (2011-2020 )

18. NON CONSTITUTIONAL BODIES (2011-2020 )

19.FEDERALISM:2011-2020

20. MISCLLENOUS: 2011-2020


6.PREAMBLE(2011-2020 )



2016:

One of the implications of equality in society is the absence of

(a)Privileges

(b)Restraints

(c)Competition

(d)Ideology

ANS:A

The term ‘equality’ means the absence of special privileges to any section of the society, and the provision of adequate opportunities for all individuals without any discrimination.

2017:

The mind of the makers of the Constitution of India is reflected in which of the following?

(a)The Preamble

(b)The Fundamental Rights

(c)The Directive Principles of State Policy

(d)The Fundamental Duties

ANS:A

In the Berubari Union case (1960), the Supreme Court said that the Preamble shows the general purposes behind the several provisions in the Constitution, and is thus a key to the minds of the makers of the Constitution.

2017:

Which one of the following objectives is not embodied in the Preamble to the Constitution of India?

(a)Liberty of thought

(b)Economic liberty

(c)Liberty of expression

(d)Liberty of belief

ANS:B

The Preamble secures to all citizens of India liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship, through their Fundamental Rights, enforceable in court of law, in case of violation.

The ideals of liberty, equality and fraternity in our Preamble have been taken from the French Revolution (1789–1799)

2019:

In the context of polity, which one of the following would you accept as the most appropriate definition of liberty?

(a)Protection against the tyranny of political rulers

(b)Absence of restraint

(c)Opportunity to do whatever one likes

(d)Opportunity to develop oneself fully

ANS:B

2020:

The preamble to the constitution of India is

(a) A part of the constitution but has no legal effect

(b) Not a part of the constitution and has no legal effect either

(c) A part of the constitution and has the same legal effect as any other part

(d) A part of the constitution but has no legal effect independently of other part.

Answer: D 

It is a part of the Constitution as declared by the SC. It certaintly does not have a legal effect independently since it cannot be enforced in a court of law.

Although not enforceable in court on its own (option C is wrong), the Preamble states the objects of the Constitution, and acts as an aid during the interpretation of Articles when language is found ambiguous. Therefore, it begets some kind of legal effect when read alongwith the constitution, not independent from it. Option D is more appropriate.

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