UPSC PRELIM POLITY PYQ DECODED :PRESIDENT/ GOVERNOR/EMERGENCY PROVISION PRIME/CHIEF MINISTER/SLA /VP

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13. PRESIDENT/ GOVERNOR/EMERGENCY PROVISION(2011-2020 )

2012:

According to the Constitution of India, it is the duty of the President of India to cause to be laid before the Parliament which of the following?

1. The Recommendation of the Union Finance Commission.

2. The Report of the Public Accounts Committee.

3. The Report of the Comptroller and Auditor General.

4. The Report of the National Commission for Scheduled Castes.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 4 only

(c) 1, 3 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

ANS: c

2013:

Which one of the following statements is correct?

(a) In India, the same person cannot be appointed as Governor for two or more States at the same time.

(b) The Judges of the High Court of the States in India are appointed by the Governor of the State just as the Judges of the Supreme Court are appointed by the President.

(c) No procedure has been laid down in the Constitution of India for the removal of a Governor from his/her post.

(d) In the case of a Union Territory having a legislative setup, the Chief Minister is appointed by the Lt. Governor on the basis of majority support.

ANS:c

2014:

Which of the following are the discretionary powers given to the Governor of a State?

1. Sending a report to the President of India for imposing the President’s rule

2. Appointing the Ministers

3. Reserving certain bills passed by the State Legislature for consideration of the President of India

4. Making the rules to conduct the business of the State Government

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 1 and 3 only

(c) 2, 3 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

b

2015:

Consider the following statements :
1. The Executive Power of the union of India is vested in the Prime Minister.
2. The Prime Minister is the ex officio Chairman of the Civil Services Board.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2
Solution: d)

Executive power of the Union of India is vested in the President of India.
Cabinet Secretary is the ex-officio head of the Civil Services Board, the Cabinet Secretariat, the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and head of all civil services under the rules of business of the Government of India.
Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cabinet_Secretary_of_India

2017;

 

Which of the following are not necessarily the consequences of the proclamation of the President’s rule in a State?

  1. Dissolution of the State Legislative Assembly
  2. Removal of the Council of Ministers in the State
  3. Dissolution of the local bodies

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a)1 and 2 only

(b)1 and 3 only

(c)2 and 3 only

(d)1, 2 and 3

ANS:B

When the President’s Rule is imposed in a state, the President dismisses the state council of ministers headed by the chief minister. The state governor, on behalf of the President, carries on the state administration with the help of the chief secretary of the state or the advisors appointed by the President. This is the reason why a proclamation under Article 356 is popularly known as the imposition of ‘President’s Rule’ in a state. Further, the President either suspends or dissolves the state legislative assembly.The Parliament passes the state legislative bills and the state budget. The President’s Rule doesnot lead to dissolution of local bodies. Hence, the answer is 1 and 3 only.

 

2018:

 

If the President of India exercises his power as provided under Article 356 of the Constitution of a particular State, then

(a)the Assembly of the State is automatically dissolved.

(b)the powers of the Legislature of that State shall be exercisable by or under the authority of the Parliament.

(c)Article 19 is suspended in that State.

(d)the President can make laws relating to that State.

ANS:B

2018:

With reference to the election of the President of India, consider the following statements:

  1. The value of the vote of each MLA varies from State to State.
  2. The value of the vote of MPs of the Lok Sabha is more than the value of the vote of MPs of the Rajya Sabha.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a)1 only

(b)2 only

(c)Both 1 and 2

(d)Neither 1 nor 2

ANS:A

 


15. PRIME/CHIEF MINISTER(2011-2020 )

 

2012:

The Prime Minister of India, at the time of his/her appointment

(a) need not necessarily be a member  one of the Houses of the Parliament but must become a member of the Lok Sabha within six months.

(b)HE MUST BE FROM LOK SABHA

(c) must be a member of one of the Houses of the Parliament.

(d) must be a member of the Lok Sabha.

ANS: a


16. STATE LEGISLATURE/ STATE COUNCIL(2011-2020 )

2019:

With reference to the Legislative Assembly of a State in India, consider the following statements:

1.      The Governor makes a customary address to Members of the House at the commencement of the first session of the year.

2.      When a State Legislature does not have a rule on a particular matter, it follows the Lok Sabha rule on that matter.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a)1 only

(b)2 only

(c)Both 1 and 2

(d)Neither 1 nor 2

ANS:C

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