UPSC PRELIM PYQ : POLITY : 5. DPSP (2011-2020 )

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SURE SHOT POLITY TOPICS:

1.PARLIAMENT (2011-2020 )

2.JUDICIARY (2011-2020 )

3.FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS (2011-2020 )FRs:

4. FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES(2011-2020 )

5. DPSP (2011-2020 )

6.PREAMBLE(2011-2020 )

7.PANCHAYAT/LOCAL GOVERNMENTS/PRI (2011-2020 ):

8.SCHEDULES OF CONSTITUTION(2011-2020 )

9. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF CONSTITUTION(2011-2020 )

10. FORM OF GOVERNMENTS(2011-2020 )

11. CITIZENSHIP(2011-2020 )

12. CENTRE – STATE / INTER STATE RELATION(2011-2020 )

13. PRESIDENT/ GOVERNOR/EMERGENCY PROVISION(2011-2020 )

14. VICE PRESIDENT(2011-2020 )

15. PRIME/CHIEF MINISTER(2011-2020 )

16. STATE LEGISLATURE/ STATE COUNCIL(2011-2020 )

17. CONSTITUTIONAL BODIES (2011-2020 )

18. NON CONSTITUTIONAL BODIES (2011-2020 )

19.FEDERALISM:2011-2020

20. MISCLLENOUS: 2011-2020


5. DPSP (2011-2020 )



2012:

Consider the following provisions under the Directive Principles of State Policy as enshrined in the Constitution of India:

1. Securing for citizens of India a uniform civil code.

2. Organizing village Panchayats.

3. Promoting cottage industries in rural areas.

4. Securing for all the workers reasonable leisure and cultural opportunities.

Which of the above are the Gandhian Principles that are reflected in the Directive Principles of State Policy?

(a) 1, 2 and 4 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1, 3 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

ANS: b

2013:

According to the Constitution of India, which of the following are fundamental for the governance of the country?

(a) Fundamental Rights

(b) Fundamental Duties

(c) Directive Principles of State Policy

(d) Fundamental Rights and Fundamental Duties

ANS: c

2013:

“Economic Justice” as one of the objectives of the Indian Constitutional has been provided in

(a) the Preamble and the Fundamental Rights.

(b) the Preamble and the Directive Principles of State Policy.

(c) the Fundamental Rights and the Directive Rights and the Directive Principles of State Policy.

(d) None of the above

ANS: b

2014:

In the Constitution of India, promotion of international peace and security is included in the?

(a) Preamble to the constitution.

(b) Directive Principles of State Policy.

(c) Fundamental Duties.

(d) Ninth Schedule.

ANS: b

2015:

Consider the following Statements regarding the DPSP/ Directive Principles of State Policy:
1. The Principles spell out the socio-economic democracy in the country
2. The provisions contained in these Principles are not enforceable by any court.
Which of the statements given below are correct?
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 & 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2
Solution: c)

Socio-economic democracy is spelt out because it provides for the idea of a welfare state. For e.g. consider Article 39 (b) and (c) which provide for minimizing inequalities in income and wealth; and ensuring that the wealth is not concentrated in the hands of few. While other article provide for the health of children, rights of working women etc.
DPSP is not enforceable by courts. Only Fundamental rights can be enforced by the courts.

2015:

The ideal of “Welfare State” in the Indian Constitution is enshrined in its
a) Preamble
b) Directive Principles of State Policy
c) Fundamental Rights
d) Seventh Schedule
Solution: b)

In a welfare State, the functions of the State are not only the defence of the country or administration of justice or maintaining law and order but it extends to regulating and controlling the activities of the people in almost every sphere—educational, commercial, social, economic, political and even marital.
DPSP thus promotes the ideal of a welfare state as it guides the state in making policies for the socio-economic well being of the people of India.
Preamble, option A, will NOT be the answer because it simply lists the socio-economic objectives of Indian society. It does not tell us who will design or execute policies based on the objectives.

2016:

Consider the following statements:

With reference to the Constitution of India, the Directive Principles of State Policy constitute limitations upon

  1. legislative function.

  2. executive function.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a)1 only

(b)2 only

(c)Both 1 and 2

(d)Neither 1 nor 2

ANS:D

Directive Principles of state policy cannot act as constraints/limitations on the government because they are not enforceable and they are fundamental to the governance of a country. Fundamental Rights operate as limitations on the tyranny of the executive and arbitrary laws of the legislature.

2016:

Which principle among the following was added to the Directive Principles of State Policy by the 42nd Amendment to the Constitution?

(a)Equal pay for equal work for both men and women

(b)Participation of workers in the management of industries

(c)Right to work, education and public assistance

(d)Securing living wage and human conditions of work to workers

ANS:B

The 42nd Amendment Act of 1976 added four new Directive Principles to the original list. They require the State:

1. To secure opportunities for healthy development of children (Article 39).

2. To promote equal justice and to provide free legal aid to the poor (Article 39 A).

3. To take steps to secure the participation of workers in the management of industries (Article 43 A).

4. To protect and improve the environment and to safeguard forests and wild life (Article 48 A).

2020:

Q22. Which part of the constitution of India declares the ideals of welfare state?

(a) Directive Principles of State policy

(b) Fundamental Rights

(c) Preamble

(d) Seventh schedule

Answer: A

2020:

With reference to the provisions contained in part IV of the Constitution of India, Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. They shall be enforceable by the courts

  2. They shall not be enforceable by any courts

  3. The principles laid down in this part are to influence the making of laws by the state.

Select the correct answer using the given code below-

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 2 and 3 only

Answer: D

 

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