URBANISATION : SMART CITIES SMART VILLAGE : UPSC GEOGRAPHY MAINS 2011-2020 PREVIOUS YEAR QUESTIONS :

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URBANISATION : SMART CITIES SMART VILLAGE : UPSC GEOGRAPHY MAINS 2011-2020 PREVIOUS YEAR QUESTIONS :
URBANISATION : SMART CITIES SMART VILLAGE : UPSC GEOGRAPHY MAINS 2011-2020 PREVIOUS YEAR QUESTIONS :

Q 1.SMART CITIES IN INDIA CANNOT SUSTAIN WITHOUT SMART VILLAGES. DISCUSS THIS STATEMENT IN THE BACKING BACKDROP OF RURAL-URBAN INTEGRATION. (2015)

Q 2.ACCOUNT FOR THE HUGE FLOODING OF MILLION CITIES IN INDIA INCLUDING THE SMART ONES LIKE HYDERABAD AND PUNE. SUGGEST LASTING REMEDIAL MEASURES. (2020)

 

  MODEL ANSWERS OF THE ABOVE QUESTIONS

Q 1.SMART CITIES IN INDIA CANNOT SUSTAIN WITHOUT SMART VILLAGES. DISCUSS THIS STATEMENT IN THE BACKING BACKDROP OF RURAL-URBAN INTEGRATION.

smart city is a technologically modern urban area that uses different types of electronic methods, voice activation methods and sensors to collect specific data.

The smart city concept integrates information and communication technology (ICT), and various physical devices connected to the IoT (Internet of things) network to optimize the efficiency of city operations and services and connect to citizens.

Smart city technology allows city officials to interact directly with both community and city infrastructure and to monitor what is happening in the city and how the city is evolving.

ICT is used to enhance quality, performance and interactivity of urban services, to reduce costs and resource consumption and to increase contact between citizens and government.

Smart city applications are developed to manage urban flows and allow for real-time responses. A smart city may therefore be more prepared to respond to challenges than one with a simple “transactional” relationship with its citizens. Yet, the term itself remains unclear to its specifics and therefore, open to many interpretations.

 

Currently, 31% of India’s population lives in cities; these cities also generate 63% of the nation’s
economic activity. These numbers are rapidly increasing, with almost half of India’s population
projected to live in its cities by 2030.
• Smart Cities focus on the most pressing needs and on the greatest opportunities to improve quality
of life for residents today and in the future.
• Smart cities are generally focus on subjects like Energy, Transport, Public Health, Education,
Affordable Housing or Waste Management with the help of modern technology.
• But for the success of smart city mission, rural-urban migration has to be reduced.

Migration is the major hurdle in development of smart cities because:

a) Migration leads to development of slums which reduces the availability of basic amenities to the
people.
b) The large scale migration lead to increase in labor supply and ultimately reduce wage rate which
cause people to live with pitiable housing and education facilities.
c) Large epidemics cause by diseases like dengue, malaria etc are indirect result of population explosion
in big cities which is mainly caused by migration.
d) It also leads to degradation of environment.
• Hence if sufficient basic amenities and facilities shall not be provided in peri-urban and village areas
then effective resource system of smart cities might not be able to provide quality of life to people
which is the main aim of Smart city mission.
• So, there is need to build smart villages with better education, health and employment opportunities
to make smart cities sustainable.
• Dozens of services including construction, farming, electricity, health care, water, retail,
manufacturing and logistics are needed in building a smart village.
• Computing, communication and information technologies play a major role in design, delivery and
monitoring of the services. All the techniques and technologies needed to build a smart village are
available now and some of them are being used in villages in India but these are disparate, fragmented
and piecemeal efforts.
• The need of the hour is strategy, integrated planning, and above all monitoring and execution of
the activities using appropriate governance models.
• Smart Cities focus on the most pressing needs and on the greatest opportunities to improve quality
of life for residents today and in the future.
• Smart cities are generally focus on subjects like Energy, Transport, Public Health, Education,
Affordable Housing or Waste Management with the help of modern technology.
• But for the success of smart city mission, rural-urban migration has to be reduced. Migration is the
major hurdle in development of smart cities because:
a) Migration leads to development of slums which reduces the availability of basic amenities to the
people.
b) The large scale migration lead to increase in labor supply and ultimately reduce wage rate which
cause people to live with pitiable housing and education facilities.
c) Large epidemics cause by diseases like dengue, malaria etc are indirect result of population explosion
in big cities which is mainly caused by migration.
d) It also leads to degradation of environment.
• Hence if sufficient basic amenities and facilities shall not be provided in peri-urban and village areas
then effective resource system of smart cities might not be able to provide quality of life to people
which is the main aim of Smart city mission.
• So, there is need to build smart villages with better education, health and employment opportunities
to make smart cities sustainable.
• Dozens of services including construction, farming, electricity, health care, water, retail,
manufacturing and logistics are needed in building a smart village.
• Computing, communication and information technologies play a major role in design, delivery and
monitoring of the services. All the techniques and technologies needed to build a smart village are
available now and some of them are being used in villages in India but these are disparate, fragmented
and piecemeal efforts.
• The need of the hour is strategy, integrated planning, and above all monitoring and execution of
the activities using appropriate governance
Q 2.ACCOUNT FOR THE HUGE FLOODING OF MILLION CITIES IN INDIA INCLUDING THE SMART ONES LIKE HYDERABAD AND PUNE. SUGGEST LASTING REMEDIAL MEASURES.

 

 

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