Why was January 26 chosen as a Republic Day?
when is republic Day?
Why was January 26 chosen as Republic Day?
26 January was chosen as the day to announce India becoming a republic as in 1929 on the same day the Indian National Congress denounced colonial rule and proclaimed Purna Swaraj, “complete freedom from the British”. … This completed the country’s transition into becoming a sovereign republic.
Why is Republic Day celebrated?
Republic Day Holiday 2022 |
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Every year Republic Day is celebrated in India on 26th January with grandeur. Magnificent parades at Janpath, New Delhi, comprising the Indian National Army and national flag hoisting in various parts of the country are common practices followed on this day. In the year 2022, it will mark India’s 73rd Republic Day.
When is Republic Day in 2022?
How is Republic Day celebrated?
Republic Day is celebrated all over India with great pride and zeal. It’s a day to honor the Constitution of independent India. National flag hoisting in schools and colleges is common. Cultural events championing India’s struggle for freedom are held nationwide. In New Delhi, the national flag is hoisted by the President of India at India Gate.
The grandest of parades takes place at Rajpath, New Delhi. The parade is presided over by the Indian President and is organized by the Ministry of Defence. Other than showcasing its military prowess, the event also champions India’s diverse culture.
The event also pays homage to the martyrs who have sacrificed their lives for the country. The Prime Minister of India honors the martyrs by putting a wreath at the Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate. It’s followed by a 21-gun salute, national flag hoisting, and national anthem. Awards are presented to the brave soldiers in the form of Paramvir Chakra, Ashok Chakra, and Vir Chakra. Even children and general citizens who have displayed courage in times of adversity are conferred with awards.
The winners of gallantry awards salute the President in military jeeps. This is followed by India’s display of its military power. March-past by the armed forces, police, and National Cadet Corps also happens with the President of India accepting the salute from different regiments. The parade concludes when the Indian Air Force fighter jets fly past Janpath.
The celebration takes place all over the country, however, Delhi is the capital of India, witnesses the grandest of Republic Day celebrations.
Republic Day parade
Republic Day 2022
Approximately 24,000 people will be allowed to attend the Republic Day parade this year, because of the Covid situation in Delhi.
The Republic Day parade will begin half an hour later than usual this year. With foggy days predicted around January 26, the parade will start at 10.30 am instead of 10 am for better visibility, the Defence Ministry has decided.
“Since it is being predicted that it will be a foggy morning for a better viewing experience for spectators at the parade, 10 large LED screens – five on each side of Rajpath – will be installed,” a senior Defence Ministry official said today.
Curated films combining footage from previous Republic Day Parades, short films on the Armed Forces, and stories related to various events in the run-up to Republic day 2022 will be screened before the parade begins. Later, the screens will beam the parade live.
The guest list and parade have been cut short this year due to Covid. Approximately 24,000 people will be allowed to attend the Republic Day parade this year, because of the Covid situation in Delhi.
“Out of the approximately 24,000 people who will be attending the parade this year, 19,000 are invited and the rest are the general public, who can purchase tickets,” sources said.
Last year too, the parade took place amid the Covid pandemic, and close to 25,000 people were allowed to attend it.
Before the pandemic erupted, in the 2020 parade, around 1.25 lakh people were permitted.
For the second year in a row, the parade may not have any foreign dignitary as chief guest.
But a number of firsts are lined up this time.
On January 26, a nationwide flagship program of the National Cadet Corps (NCC) ‘Shaheedon Ko Shat Shat Naman’ will be launched as part of ‘Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav’ to honor the supreme sacrifices of the fallen heroes in defending the Nation.
The family of some 5,000 fallen heroes will be presented with the Plaque of Gratitude by National Cadet Corp members all over the country around the same time as Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi pays homage to soldiers at the National War Memorial in New Delhi.
“This year’s Republic Day falls in the 75th year of India’s Independence is celebrated as Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav. You will see many firsts during the main parade on Rajpath on January 26 as also during the “Beating Retreat” ceremony on January 29,” an officer said.
As many as 75 aircraft are set to participate in the traditional fly-past that marks the end of the ceremony. Vintage, as well as modern aircraft like Rafale, Sukhoi, Jaguar, Mi-17, Sarang, Apache, and Dakota, will be showcased. The Fly-Past will witness 15 different formations by these aircraft/helicopters
Security agencies have fortified the areas around Rajpath, the ceremonial road on which the parade takes place, with multilayer security after a bomb was found and defused at the Ghazipur flower market just days before the parade.
“We have installed 300 CCTVs with facial recognition systems to keep an eye on every movement in this area,” a senior officer said.
Significance of Republic Day in India
The constitution of India is a huge document that lays down procedures, powers, duties, fundamental rights, and directive principles of the Government of India & Indian citizens.
The governing principle of the Indian Constitution is “of the people, for the people and by the people”, which signifies that the power is vested in the hands of the citizens of India.
Republic Day marks the celebration of the empowerment of Indian citizens to select their own government. It is a national holiday that commemorates the process of the establishment of the Indian Constitution.